The Use of Open Source Software
There is a variety of work being conducted on the open source software (OSS) ecosystem in Turkey (For example: ÖYAKDER, Pardus Community). There is also a question of various applications directed at different information system needs (server, word processing, document management, etc.) in public agencies and institutions. The use of OSS has been encouraged in the principles of interoperability guidelines updates with the Prime Ministry Circular No. 2009/4. However, there is no common application that has received definite acceptance. The most important project of the Government concerning AKK, started at the office of TÜBİTAK-UAKEA in 2003 and for which the first version was published in 2005, is the PARDUS operating system still currently being developed at TÜBİTAK-ULAKBİM, and has users in public agencies and at the server level and the work to generalize it is ongoing.
In line with the action of “62. Supporting OSS use in Public Agencies” included in the 2015-2018 Information Society Strategy and Action Plan and the “E.2.2.3 Generalizing the Use of Open Source Software (OSS) for Priority Information Systems” included in the 2016-2019 National e-Government Strategy and Action Plan the necessary work to ensure that the common software (databases, server operating systems, office applications, security software, etc.) needed by public agencies and institutions is fulfilled with open software, especially PARDUS, will be conducted, technical competence will be increases and generalized throughout public agencies.
In line with the “E.2.2.2 – Developing National e-Government Software Development Libraries and Platforms” included in the 2016-2019 National e-Government Strategy and Action Plan, software libraries and platforms that could be used jointly for the components needed in the software developed within the scope of e-Government projects will be developed.
The Internet of Big Data and Things
The increasing data volume and data relations in parallel to the popularization of e-Government applications have made the “big data” concept one of the priority research fields in Turkey. Agencies have started using different solutions as business intelligence in line with their needs. The most important research project of the government on big data and cloud technologies is the Cloud Computing and Big Data Research Laboratory (B3LAB) established under the coordination of TÜBİTAK-BİLGEM-BTE.
In line with the action of “49. Realization of a Public Big Data Pilot Application” included in the 2015-2018 Information Society Strategy and Action Plan and “E1.3.2-Development and Popularization of Policies for Big Data and the Internet of Things in Public Agencies” included in the 2016-2019 National e-Government Strategy and Action Plan, policies will be determined to identify the benefits that will be achieved through using the new generation technology trend of big data and the internet of things and to determine new public service that could be presented; and to develop policies to improve the presentation of existing public services and transform big data to economic value. Big data applications will be developed in the public field especially on the subjects of social security, health, tax and security for this purpose.
Cloud Computing and the Public Cloud
Cloud computing technologies are being widely utilized in both the private and public sector in Turkey. In particular the “Smart Cities – Cloud City Information System” has been developed by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization for the use of small scale municipalities.
However, there is no public cloud per say with application, platform and infrastructure components for central government. The feasibility work in this direction has been handled in the Public Integrated Data Center activities within the scope of the BTYK Decree No. 2013/104.
In line with the action of “64. Building a Government Cloud Computing Infrastructure” included in the 2015-2018 Information Society Strategy and Action Plan and “E2.1.1-Establishing and Implementing Public Integrated Data Centers” included in the 2016-2019 National e-Government Strategy and Action Plan, a cloud computing infrastructure will be established for public agencies. In this scope a road map will be determined to realize principles, bases and standards with R&D work on the integration of public data centers with priority and, at the same time, solutions and technologies like the cloud computing infrastructure and thin client planned to operate on this infrastructure.