After the restructuring of Ministries in 2011, the role of Prime Ministry and 3 Ministries within the scope of e-Government became an issue:
- The Prime Ministry, Directorate for Administration Development is responsible for developing public administration, simplifying administrative principles and procedures and coordinating legislative work (Law No. 3056),
- The Ministry of Development, Information Society Department is responsible for the preparation of information society and information economy policies in compliance with national goals and planning public investments including public ICT investments (SD No. 641),
- Ministry of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communications, Directorate General of Communications is responsible for developing and regulating all ICT infrastructures including the internet and ensuring cyber security and coordinating activities to determine the procedures and principles for the e-Government action plan (SD No. 655),
- The Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology, Directorate General of Science and Technology is responsible for the policies, incentives and standards for R&D including the ICT sector (SD No. 635).
The technical activities concerning e-Government are carried out by various public agencies and institutions in line with Ministry responsibilities:
The following subsidiary agencies under the Ministry of Transportation, Maritime and Communications;
- The Information Technologies and Communications Agency regulates and makes sure other measures are taken towards the information and communication technologies sector like the wideband, e-signature, information security and mail services. The agency has a regulatory and supervisory status.
- The National Response to Cyber Incidents Center (USOM), within the ICT structure, provides national and international coordination for measures to be taken against national cyber security incidents.
- In addition to operations in satellite technologies, the Türksat Satellite Communication Cable TV and Operations Inc. (TÜRKSAT) operates the e-Government Gate within the scope of information services and conducts projects for public services to be presented over electronic format. The agency has a public company status.
The below subsidiary agencies under the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology carry out the following tasks;
- The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) supports the development of capacity and innovation necessary for an information society and e-Government with the science, technology and innovation policies and actions it coordinates. This Agency, which has the largest R&D capacity in Turkey, enables critical e-Government technologies and solutions to be developed with national resources by means of its subsidiary institutes.
- The TÜBİTAK-BİLGEM Information Technologies Institute (BTE) does large scale and applied research on the information and communication fields and conducts projects.
- The TÜBİTAK-BİLGEM Public Certification Center (KSM) administers the e-Signature and Financial Seal infrastructure for public agencies and provides necessary advisory services.
- The TÜBİTAK-BİLGEM Cyber Security Institute (SGE) conducts research and development activities in the cyber security field; conducts projects directed at solutions for military agencies, public agencies and institutions and the private sector and provides advisory services.
- The TÜBİTAK-BİLGEM National Electronic and Cryptology Research Institute (UEKAE), develops necessary technology and standards for e-Identification and e-Signature products requiring high security.
- The TÜBİTAK-BİLGEM Software Technologies Research Institute (YTE) provides for the R&D software needs of the public and private sector and provides e-Transformation services for public agencies in line with e-Government planning, enterprise architecture and policy monitoring and evaluation actions.
- Turkish Standards Institute (TSE) conducts standard publication, certification, testing and education activities directed at information technologies and cyber security.
An e-Government Organization Model will be developed to conduct e-Government policies in cooperation with stakeholders and to increase in-agency and above agency coordination in e-Government work in line with the “E1.1.1-Development of an e-Government Ecosystem” action in the 2016-2019 National e-Government Strategy and Action Plan.